Gastritis is one of the most common diseases; it is diagnosed in two out of three people.
Chronic gastritis can cause complications in the form of stomach ulcers or even cancer. Therefore, a patient with such a disease is advised to maintain normal digestion and follow a special diet, especially during exacerbations.
Gastritis is a pathology that is manifested by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the gastric tissue. The most common causes of this are unhealthy diet, frequent stress, as well as a weakened immune system. If this pathology is not treated, it turns into a chronic phase, and then into a stomach ulcer and other complications.
The main symptoms of gastritis are:
- headaches (if acidity is increased);
- frequent and severe heartburn attacks;
- stomach too heavy after eating;
- dull stomach pains;
- decreased immunity.
Which particular food is acceptable to eat directly depends on the patient's acidity level. The disease in question has high and low acidity.
Low Acid Diet
Doctors advise patients with low acidity to eat at least 4 times a day.
The following foods must be present in the diet of such people:
- lemon juice or dilute citric acid;
- cinnamon, small amounts of table salt;
- durum wheat pasta;
- eggs, but not fried;
- dairy products;
- cooked meat;
- non-fatty animal oil; olive or sunflower oil;
- vegetables cooked or steamed;
- fruit cooked or baked in the oven;
- tea or coffee with added milk.
Drinking water with a small amount of natural honey in the morning on an empty stomach helps a lot. Fatty, fried and smoked foods should be excluded from the diet of anyone suffering from gastritis. People with low acidity should also not eat legumes, potatoes, cabbage, radishes, rice, carbonated and alcoholic beverages.
Diet with increased acidity parameters
You need to eat a little and every three hours. There is only warm food, without distractions and thorough chewing.
Permitted products include:
- anything cooked or steamed;
- diet options for processed meat; skinless chicken or turkey;
- coffee with milk.
Attention!To avoid heartburn, you can drink a glass of water with a teaspoon of baking soda in the morning.
Foods banned for this form of gastritis include:
- hard cheese;
- fresh, especially hot pastries;
- fatty fish;
- cakes with greasy creams.
All patients with this disease are prohibited from canning and marinating. Avoid the use of puff pastry, and it is also advisable to exclude grapes from the diet as they will cause bloating and digestive problems.
General dietary recommendations
There are several nutritional guidelines to help you maintain a normal digestion for gastritis:
- Food must not be salted. It is best to use a minimal amount of salt. It is also necessary to add fresh herbs to all dishes.
- Proper nutrition should be followed not only during exacerbations but also during remission.
- Meat and fish in the diet of the fifth table should be eaten minced (cutlets, meatballs). The flesh must be separated from the bones, tendons and joints.
- For gastritis, nutritionists recommend drinking plenty of water. It should be pure alkaline water without gas.
- Mandatory in the daily menu. Especially useful are various puree soups and puree first course.