A complete description of the diet for gout

dietary habits for gout

Gout has been called the "disease of aristocrats" for centuries. Mostly people with the upper classes who were not used to moderation in their diet were sick of it. It is now well known that this disease is not related to social status, but metabolism plays an important role here.

Incorrect metabolism and increased levels of uric acid in the blood are the reason for the development of recurrent acute arthritis. No medication will help you get rid of this disease to the end, but the very real task is to significantly alleviate the patient's condition, minimizing cases of worsening.

Modern drugs promote the elimination of excess uric acid, lowering its critical level, but still the main condition in the treatment of this complex disease is adherence to a special diet. By eating, the patient can achieve maximum results.

Diet for gout

Uric acid, the main enemy of gout, is made from purines. The latter is found in large quantities in animal feed, especially in fatty fish and pork. Therefore, meat and fish are almost completely banned.

Some plant foods contain purines. To reduce the likelihood of recurrence, you must strictly monitor what the patient eats.

  1. The main condition is that meals be regular - 3-5 times a day. This will ensure that the required levels of purine substances in the blood are maintained, preventing their excess;
  2. You can't eat too much. The amount eaten is strictly regulated;
  3. The reverse procedure - starvation - must not be allowed;
  4. If the patient is overweight, every effort should be made to address this. But you need to lose weight gradually, using a balanced diet. Too much weight loss can only make the patient's condition worse. Optimal weight loss - 1-2 kg per month;
  5. recommended food for gout
  6. It is very important to drink as much fluid as possible while treating gout. The norm is 1. 5-2 liters per day in case of a stable condition, and with the worsening of the condition, you should drink at least 3 liters of water. Water can be replaced by any other approved liquid;
  7. Alkaline mineral water is a mandatory element of the daily diet. It helps rid the body of urate, which is important.

Gout implies a strict approach to food choice, the patient must know clearly what to eat and what is under the strictest prohibition. Only ingredients that do not contain purines or contain them in small quantities are allowed in the diet, which cannot affect the overall level of this substance in the body.

Mostly fruits and vegetables, so respecting this diet will not be difficult for a potential vegetarian, and much harder for a carnivore. But as a result, the patient will feel relief from pain, reduced swelling.

What not to eat from gout

It’s worth preparing for the fact that this list isn’t that small. Finally, very purines that are undesirable for an organism affected by gout are found in many foods.

We will have to accept the fact that white bread will have to be given up completely - there is too much yeast in it. The latter actively contribute to the formation of uric acid in the body. For the same reason, we remove all baked goods from use.

What should not be eaten from meat products? Complete rejection of sausages, strudels, sausages, canned meat - they are literally rich in purines. For the same reason we reject offal, fatty pork is also under an absolute ban.

We also remove seafood from the diet of gout patients. Under a particularly strict ban, fatty fish, canned food, caviar.

You can’t eat spicy and salty types of cheese, this type of dairy will do more harm than good to eat it.

Remove all legumes from cereals - lentils, beans, soybeans, beans. The reason is the same - high purine content.

Of the vegetables, only mushrooms and sorrel fall under the strict ban. For some time, tomatoes were also on this list for the simple reason that they contain purines. But their content is so negligible, and the vitamin complex is so important that today this vegetable has moved from the banned list to the opposite list.

Fruits and berries also have a not so wide ban list, including only figs, raspberries and grapes.

forbidden food for gout

Sweet lovers will have to refrain from overly creamy cakes and pastries.

For fat, don’t experiment with margarine and bacon.

Drinking plenty of fluids is recommended for gout, but not everyone should drink it either. The choice of drink should be treated with equal caution. So, coffee and strong black tea are forbidden.

And it's not because of the purines in them - their content is small. But the diuretic effect of these drinks is an unwanted phenomenon. Any alcohol, including beer and wine, is strictly forbidden.

Gout does not like spicy food, so we completely remove pepper, mustard, horseradish and other hot spices from the dish. Do not overdo it with salt. It is better to refuse as much as possible. It is unacceptable to put broth cubes in dishes. The preservatives and purines they contain are not on the scale.

Fish, meat and legume broths should also be removed from the diet. Remove the mayonnaise.

All products from the list above are completely banned. They cannot be used categorically. For the first time, it is better to keep this list handy so that you can always check the list of prohibited items.

You can, but be careful

The above ingredients are completely out of use. This list is not very long, the problem is that it includes fairly common dishes that are present daily in the diet of any healthy person. The list of products allowed for use will be presented below. But there is little compromise between these lists. He absorbed what was acceptable to eat, but little by little.

what fruits can you eat for gout

Beets, cauliflower, radishes, asparagus, celery, rhubarb, spinach, peppers, onions and parsley were at the top of the vegetable list. All this vegetation contains the same malicious purine - the malicious companion of gout. But its content is small. But the vitamin composition they carry is so great that it covers all the potential damage.

Plums can be eaten from fruit. Restrictions on tomato juice have been lifted from the drink, but not more than a glass. Honey should be used with great care.

What you can eat from gout

Much is strictly forbidden by violating purine metabolism, but this does not mean that the patient is in a semi-starved state due to constant inhibitions and rejections. Medicinal dishes can be delicious, moderately satisfying, but healthy.

Of bakery products, preference should be given to gray and rye bread, of bakery products you can eat one that is not made on yeast dough.

Those who are not ready to become vegetarians, even for their own health, can exhale, meat is allowed, but only lean. These include rabbit, turkey, chicken. But portions should be very moderate, no more than 170 grams, and it should be eaten more often than every other day, the rest will be harmful.

Fish and seafood should be included in the diet, but only low-fat species should be selected, for example salmon, pink salmon, trout. Of the other marine animals in the patient's plate, the presence of shrimp, crabs, and squid is desirable. But in no case should they be fried, but only cooked. After boiling, the patient should not use the broth.

Milk and eggs are also essential in the diet. Preference is given to skim milk, kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese, sour cream and cottage cheese. Do not cook with whole milk, be sure to dilute it with water. The use of butter is allowed, but as an addition to hot dishes, and not as sandwiches. Eggs are also desirable, but not more than 1 per day.

Quite a few vegetables are allowed. Melons, corn, beets, garlic, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, cucumbers, onions, tomatoes - all these products improve metabolic processes. Garlic has shown itself well, soothes inflammation, relieving the patient's condition. During the day of fasting vegetables become the main helper, and the potassium contained in many of them promotes the excretion of uric acid.

You don't really need to remember anything about cereals, all types of cereals are allowed with gout, except legumes. This is a rich set of trace elements that contribute to the regeneration process and the fibers that allow you to effectively cleanse your body. There are no special regulations for cereals, what and when you can eat. The condition is only one - do not overdo it.

There is no big ban on berries and fruits either. All citrus fruits, hard green apples, dates, khakis, strawberries, apricots, pears, dried fruits - except raisins, which are made from forbidden grapes. It is quite natural that it should be consumed within reasonable limits, without exaggeration.

Of sweets, marshmallows, marmalades, cans, marshmallows are acceptable, even sweets are allowed, but not chocolate. You can eat ice cream. It should not be forgotten that everything is moderately good.

Fats can be added to the diet, but they can only be of vegetable origin, animal fats are completely excluded, they are too heavy.

milk porridge for gout

Green tea, all types of fruit teas are allowed from the drink, but only with the use of permitted fruits and berries, tea with milk and lemon is allowed on the menu. Homemade compotes, fruit drinks made from fresh berries and fruits, fresh cucumber juice are useful for gout. Be sure to drink alkaline mineral water every day.

Of the spices in dishes, only vanilla, cinnamon, bay leaf and citric acid can be used.

You can eat all kinds of seeds and nuts, the only exception is peanuts, there is too much purine.

The patient's daily menu must include milk porridge, borscht with vegetable soups, fresh vegetable salads, various vegetable dishes. Preferably cooked, frying is almost not allowed.

Anti-gout diet

Adherence to certain dietary rules is the basis of patient well-being. You can't do without it. Everyday diet has certain building rules that you will have to follow throughout your life because gout is a chronic disease. To make the diet as effective as possible, it is better to entrust this issue to a competent doctor who will take into account all the nuances of the disease and the characteristics of the patient's body - other existing diseases.

Everyday diet necessarily includes liquid food, the basis of the diet are vegetable soups, vegetable and fruit salads, compotes, mineral water. Food should be taken at least 5 times a day.

Drink at least two liters of water a day, this will allow you to remove toxins and toxins. There must be a day of fasting, when all meat and fish are completely removed. The maximum allowed number of such days is 3. A larger number is impractical and unreasonable.

dietary rules for gout

The basis of the food is a vegetarian table, the least meat, the most vegetables and fruits. This diet is especially useful for those patients who are overweight. Fasting days should be spent much more often than others.

Don't lose weight too fast. It is optimal to lose no more than 2 kg per month. Too rapid weight loss will negatively affect the general condition and can cause the disease to worsen.

Diet number 6 for gout

Table number 6 was developed by a doctor, the purpose of this diet is to normalize the exchange of purines, reduce the content of uric acid and salt, which are products of purine processing. The energy value of this diet is 2700-2800 kcal. This menu is a table with a balanced protein content.

Strict adherence to an anti-purine diet will prevent the disease from getting worse and significantly reduce the likelihood of recurrence. This example is designed for a week, but you can stick to it all the time.

The basic principle of the diet comes down to a strict count of all proteins, fats, carbohydrates. Thus, the amount of protein per day should not exceed 70-90 g per day. Preference is given to animal proteins derived from milk and dairy products. The fat level corresponds to 80-90 g per day. 1/4 of this volume is of plant origin. The level of carbohydrates does not exceed 350-400 g per day. This amount is equal to 80 g of sugar.

The daily requirement for salt for diet number 6 is not more than 7-10 g. Consumed fluid ranges from 1. 5-2 liters, while calories should not exceed 2400-2800. It is equally important to monitor the amount of micronutrients consumed. Thus, potassium is not less than 3. 5 g, calcium - 0. 75 g, thiamine - 1. 5 g, retinol - 0. 5, ascorbic acid - 150 mg.

Recipes from menu number 6

Meals included in a gout patient’s diet are not as difficult to prepare as they might seem at first. Many of them can be included in the diet of a healthy person.

Vegetable goulash

vegetable stew for gout
  • Large potatoes - 3 pcs. ;
  • Medium carrot - 1 pc;
  • Turnip onion. - 1 head;
  • Fresh green peas - 1 tbsp;
  • Butter - 1 tbsp. l. ;
  • Sour cream - 100 g;
  • Salt to taste.

Saute chopped onion in oil, add diced carrots. It goes well. Add pre-cooked potatoes, peas and sour cream to the finished roast. Sol. Simmer 1/4 hour over medium heat.

Cucumber Salad

  • Fresh cucumber - 2 pcs. ;
  • Dressing sour cream;
  • Salt to taste.

Cut the cucumber in half rings and mix well with the sour cream in a cup. For a change, you can add any other allowed vegetables - cabbage, tomato.

Potato soup

  • Potatoes - 3 pcs. ;
  • 1/2 raw egg;
  • Butter - 1 teaspoon;
  • Flour - 1 tbsp;
  • Fresh greens;
  • Sour cream - 1 tablespoon

Make mashed potatoes from potatoes, it is best not to overheat it, but pass it through a fine sieve. Add the oven-dried flour sauce and 80 g. and potato soup. Boil the sauce. Then add the egg and butter to the resulting potato mixture with the sauce and bring to the boil again.

Cheesecakes

  • Fresh cheese - 250 gr. ;
  • Missing - 4 tbsp. l. ;
  • Egg

Mix all the ingredients to get a fairly thick porridge. If this fails, you can still add semolina. Leave for a while so that the sap spreads slightly and swells. When the dough swells a bit, you can bake. Shape into neat pancakes and roll them in flour. Fry on both sides. It can be eaten warm with sugar or cream cheese.

Potato pancakes

  • Large potatoes - 3 pcs. ;
  • Egg - 1 pc;
  • Flour - 20 g;
  • Sour cream;
  • Bad oil- teaspoon

Grate the peeled potatoes on the finest grater, add flour and egg to the mixture, mix well. Spread the dough with a spoon on a heated pan, fry on both sides for 5 minutes. Serve with sour cream.

Cheese pan

casserole of fresh cheese for gout
  • Milk - 50 ml;
  • Fresh cheese - 75 g;
  • Egg whites - 2 pcs. ;
  • Sour cream;
  • Butter;
  • Sugar.

Mix the ingredients (except sour cream) thoroughly, put the resulting mass in a mold and place in an oven preheated to 150 degrees. Bake until the top is slightly browned. Drizzle with sour cream before serving.

Vegetarian borscht

  • Water - 3 l;
  • Potatoes - 2 pcs. ;
  • Rough oil - 2 tablespoons L. ;
  • Turnip onion. - 1 pc. ;
  • carrots - 100 g;
  • Beets - 150 g;
  • cabbage - 100 g;
  • Tomato paste - 1 teaspoon

Add a tablespoon of salt to boiling water and throw diced potatoes into it. After boiling for 10 minutes, add the chopped cabbage to the pot. At that time, fry the onion in a pan, when it overheats a bit, add the grated carrot to it, and then the beets.

Arrange well and add the pasta. It can be replaced with a glass of tomato juice. When the vegetables are ready, transfer them to a pot. You can add herbs, a little pepper and garlic. You can put sour cream in the finished dish.

Example of diet menu number 6

This is one variation of what a weekly diet for a gout patient might look like.

First day

  • Breakfast - milk porridge with dried fruit (but not with raisins), milk tea
  • Second breakfast - cottage cheese pudding.
  • Lunch - buckwheat soup, vegetable pancakes (zucchini) spiced with sour cream, fruit jelly.
  • Afternoon snack - a glass of tomato juice.
  • Dinner - fresh white cabbage salad with apple.

Second day

  • Breakfast - vegetable croquettes (carrots and rice), sour cream, tea with lemon.
  • Second breakfast - fresh pears.
  • Lunch - fresh vegetable stew, pasta casserole with cream, green tea.
  • Afternoon snack - apple baked with honey.
  • Dinner - beetroot salad, toast with unsalted cheese.

Third day

gout sample menu
  • Breakfast - milk porridge with cherries, pomegranate compote.
  • Second breakfast - sour cream with cottage cheese.
  • Lunch - cabbage soup, cheesecakes, tea with milk.
  • Afternoon snack - strawberry jelly.
  • Dinner - pancakes with sour cream.

Fourth day

  • Breakfast - omelet with dill, cheese sandwich, fresh fruit compote.
  • Second breakfast - carrot salad with grated apple, spiced with sour cream.
  • Lunch - beetroot soup, kefir pancakes with sour cream, lemon tea.
  • Afternoon snack - fresh apple.
  • Dinner - milk rice porridge with pumpkin and cinnamon.

Fifth day

  • Breakfast - fresh cheese spiced with honey, tea with field herbs.
  • Second breakfast - pear.
  • Lunch - vegetable noodles, cereal cutlets, compote.
  • Afternoon snack - apple.
  • Dinner - eggplant with cheese and tomato.

Sixth day

  • Breakfast - millet casserole with honey, tea with milk.
  • Second breakfast - banana.
  • Lunch - rice soup, zrazy with cabbage, jelly.
  • Afternoon snack - kefir with marshmallows.
  • Dinner - baked potatoes with vegetables.

Seventh day

  • Breakfast - two hard-boiled eggs, cucumber salad.
  • Second breakfast - toast with cheese.
  • Lunch - millet porridge with milk, pancakes with cheese.
  • Afternoon snack - fresh fruit.
  • Dinner - stewed cabbage, toast with peanut butter.

How to eat during exacerbations

Table 6 suits the patient well in remission, but in a worsening situation the diet should be radically different. Only in this case will there really be a qualitative shift for the better and the deterioration will recede. The basic rule of the diet comes down to a complete rejection of meat and fish dishes - only fruits and vegetables.

What the menu looks like during deterioration

Before breakfast - you can replace half a glass of warm alkaline mineral water with rosehip soup.

  • Breakfast - 120 g milk oatmeal and a glass of milk. Prerequisite, the porridge must be liquid.
  • Second breakfast - a glass of fresh apple juice or raw apple.
  • Lunch - mashed vegetable soup - 120 g, fruit jelly.
  • Afternoon snack - a glass of fresh carrot or tomato juice.
  • Dinner - 120 g of liquid milk rice porridge, a glass of apple compote.
  • Second dinner - a glass of kefir.
  • You can drink tea with milk and honey before going to bed.

An important condition is careful control of portion size, they should be more than modest, about half the daily meal. After the period of deterioration has passed, you can enter the dishes with meat and fish, not only cook the food, but also fry it.