The Ducan diet, with a daily menu that uses protein foods, is a weight loss technique named after its creator, French physician Pierre Ducan. This scheme was developed thirty years ago, but the diet gained its greatest popularity only in 2002 with the publication of Ducan's work entitled "I can't lose weight. "
Weight loss technique by Pierre Ducan: characteristics of a ketogenic diet
At the end of the last century, it was believed that the best way to deal with excess weight was a diet based on limiting calories and the amount of food consumed. French general practitioner Pierre Ducan has come up with another solution to the obesity problem - the Ducan diet, whose daily menu should include protein foods and certain vegetables.
Ducan's program is based on the so-called ketogenic diet. Its principle is that the body of a person who is thin does not receive carbohydrates from food, that is, it must use an additional source of energy, which in this case is its own accumulated fat. As a result of their cleavage, ketone bodies are formed, which actually release the necessary energy.
Everything seems to be fine - the body receives energy and at the same time gets rid of unnecessary fat. In addition, the Ducan diet, whose menu for each day includes the use of a sufficient amount of food, does not make you hungry and allows you to adhere to the rules of nutrition not only at home but also at work.
Polish scientists conducted a scientific experiment in which overweight women participated. As a result, it turns out that following the rules of a carbohydrate-free diet really helps in losing extra pounds.
However, not everything is so simple. The fact is that, first of all, the body takes on the consumption of glycogen from the liver and only then begins to break down fat, or the process of ketosis begins after the liver's stores are depleted. Moreover, its success directly depends on insulin production.
Remember that following a diet can cause excess protein in the body, which will create additional stress on some organs, especially the kidneys and liver. There is another disadvantage of this method of weight loss - insufficient fiber intake in the body, which can cause a violation of digestive processes, lead to constipation.
To eliminate such troubles, it is recommended to lose weight according to the Ducan method only after prior consultation with a doctor and under his supervision.
Ducan's diet: a menu for each day, a table of food recommended by the author
Ducan's famous diet, menu for each day and table of recommended foods for inclusion in the food look something like this:
- milk and dairy products - non-fat varieties of fresh cheese, fermented baked milk, yogurt, low-salt feta cheese, yogurts;
- fish and other seafood - squid, shrimp, caps, crabs and others;
- poultry and rabbit meat. You can use beef and veal;
- vegetables - beets, cucumbers, herbs, radishes, cabbage, onions, peppers, eggplants, zucchini, pumpkins;
- quail or chicken eggs.
Four stages of Ducan's diet, menus at each stage
Dukan's diet, whose menu for each day includes the use of mainly protein foods, consists of 4 phases:
- The first is an attack
This weight loss phase is designed for rapid weight loss (about three pounds per week). A similar effect during the period of the attack is usually explained not by the loss of fat deposits, but by the withdrawal of fluid from the body. The main goal of the first part of the Ducan diet, whose daily menu excludes the use of foods rich in carbohydrates, is to strengthen the motivation for further weight loss.
The task of the next phase is to gradually achieve optimal weight by including protein products in the menu, as well as the allowed vegetables. The duration of the second phase is approximately seven days per kilogram of excess weight. All products included in the meal at this time were selected in accordance with the rules for the implementation of "Ducan diet, menu for every day. "A table of recommended products developed by the author of the weight loss methodology. Otherwise, in case of weight gain in the last stage, some previously acceptable products may be banned.
- Consolidation of results
Dukan's diet, whose menu for each day in the last phase of consolidation is compiled in such a way as to exclude the possibility of further weight gain, becomes less strict. During the consolidation of results, each subsequent day, the menu may contain cheese, some types of bread and certain fruits. In addition, the author of the diet allows several times a week to arrange the so-called "stomach holidays", or pamper yourself with small portions of high-calorie foods. The consolidation phase should last about ten days per kilogram of excess weight lost. method, a person loses about 400 g per week, which refutes rumors of rapid burning of excess fat.
In the fourth phase, the Ducan diet, whose menu for each day in the continuation of the previous three phases assumed significant restrictions, allows the use of almost all food products, with certain rules:
- once every seven days make an exclusively protein day, that is, on that day the menu should not contain foods rich in fats and carbohydrates;
- oat bran should be present in the diet every day;
Pay attention to the increase in physical activity. If exercising in the gym is not possible, then you can always find time to run or walk. Alternatively, take the elevator and take a few stops each day.
The last phase of weight loss according to the Ducan method should last as long as the person wants to stay in shape and not be overweight, ie it is recommended to adhere to these rules throughout his life.